In cricket the bat and ball are the main equipment’s that are mandatory for playing the cricket. But there are lots of people doesn’t know how cricket ball and bat are manufactured. There are rules and regulation made by international cricket council on size, weight and dimensions of cricket ball manufacturing. There are different dimensions, weight and size are given to men’s and women’s. For men’s the weight of balls are 155.9 to 163 grams. And circumference between 22.4 to 22.9 centimetres.in women’s cricket weight of ball is between 140 to 151 grams. And circumference between 21 to 22.5 centimetres. Here are how cricket ball manufacturing done in factory. 7 Steps included in cricket ball manufacturing from taking lather to polishing cricket ball
Step 1:- cleaning, coloring and polishing lather
First step contain maintaining lather for manufacturing ball. First the lather is wash and clean and dry the lather then using chemical the polish is done over the lather. After cleaning and washing the color is given to lather as per the requirements. polishing the lather for making lather smooth the lather is hammered by the wooden hammer. After such process of lather maintaining next step is done
Step 2:- cutting lather into pieces
After maintaining lather and making lather smooth the second part is to cut the lather into pieces as per the guidelines that international cricket council decided for cricket ball for size dimensions and weight. For making cricket ball the lather is cut into 4 pieces. The 4 pieces are cut as per the dimensions given by icc. This work is done by professional workers and this is done without machines.
Step 3:- internal stitching of pieces
After cutting as per the guidelines of international cricket council. The next part is to stitch the 2 pieces of that cut pieces are stitched together. And it is done by manually by workers. The stitches made on lather are done at the inner side of the lather. After lather stitched the lather are pressed by hydraulic presser to give shape to the lather. The shape is given to lather as per the inner core of the ball.
Step 4:- inner core of the ball
The inner core of the ball is made of cork. The cork is the Portuguese tree it is used for the manufacturing cricket ball. The tree has age between 20-25 years are used for manufacturing. The wooden of the tree are high tangential stress because of that ball bounces from the ground. After cork is wounded over rubber ball then it is again wounded by thread. The 5 layers of thread are wounded over the cork. After wounding the thread the cork ball is kept in dryer room for 1—1 ½ month for drying the cork ball. After drying the ball the cork ball made harder. Because of that cricket ball is harder.
Step 5:- assemble cork ball and pieces of lather
After making cork ball the cork ball and lather assemble together. The cork ball is put in the half cut lather and the weight of the ball is measured for the correct weight. When weight of the ball is measured then ball is given to the next process called stitching. The ball is kept between two steel press machine and main stitching is done by the worker. The lather is comes out little and look like lips hence it is called as lips stitching. The stitching is done by professional worker. This is the most important part in bowling because of that bowler gets the swing and seam. The stitching is very fine in main seam.
Step 6:- external stitching
After stitching of main seam the next process is to stitch both sides of the ball for the tanginess this is required in ball. Because of that stitching on the ball bowlers and players get grip on ball and ball maintains its shape for long time. Because of that the performance of bowler and batsman are improved. The structure of the ball players important role in bowlers and batsman performance.
Step 7:- polishing ball
The ball swing is depend on shine of the ball. The ball is then polished. For water proof the polished is play main role. Because of polish the ball swings. Because of that some players are done ball tempering. Using some external material players make ball shine or make surface of ball rough.
These are the steps in cricket ball manufacturing. After such steps and 240 stitches in cricket ball the cricket ball is made. There are different steps for different ball manufacturing companies like SG, duckes and kookaburra ball